There are several species of corn that vary in shape, color and texture and are classified into five types: hard, sweet, popcorn, toothed and soft. In each type of maize are also classified varieties of this type. Each has its own characteristics in its grain, which is composed of a starch-rich fabric that can be soft or hard.
Flint or Hard
Corn Flint or Duro maize falls into the group of high quality maize and yield for human and animal nutrition. Due to its high performance, Million Corn Ingredients uses Flint corn for the production of its GMO-FREE ingredients. Its grain is hard and vitreous, ie it has no crack or furrow as observed in other types of corn. It is harvested in the mature phase and has an orange-red color. Its use is very varied, being ideal for industrial processes with application in baking, snacks, condiments, pasta, breweries and more.
Flint corn originated in Argentina and has become the industry favorite in producing base ingredients for its products, making it ideal for the production of hominy, canjiquinha, Italian cornmeal, corn grits, pre-gel cornmeal, sherry. corn, semolina and other derivatives. However, choosing the best variety of Flint corn with special characteristics such as color, hardness and endosperm size will add even more quality, providing productivity and higher industrial yield.
The ear of popcorn is smaller and produces less grain. It has a fine, drop-shaped grain with hard tissue and can be yellow-orange, white, blue or red. Its main feature is its high expansion power. The moisture content of the grain causes the water, when heated, to turn into steam creating pressure that breaks the shell. The starch present in the grain solidifies in contact with the air and makes it whitish. The most common corn is orange-yellow, which is divided into butterfly and mushroom. Milhão also produces 100% GMO-free butterfly popcorn, with high yield and low percentage of piruás.
It is intended exclusively for human consumption and known as green corn. The grain has a translucent crumb, slightly rounded shape, yellow color and sweet taste. This corn when harvested green is classified as a soft and easily digestible vegetable. When dry it has wrinkled grains and its sugar content increases. It is part of traditional family cuisine and is easily found in fresh markets on the cob, threshed or canned. It is used in cooking as boiled spike, in sweets, creams and pamonha.
It has a depression, or tooth, in the top of the grain caused by its soft tissue. Toothed corn is harvested in the mature phase and may be yellow, white or earthy in color. This corn is widely used in animal nutrition and for the production of syrups and alcohol.
Soft or Farinaceous Corn
It has sweet, soft, smooth-tasting grains consisting of soft or farinaceous tissue that can be easily ground. You can find this corn in white, yellow and blue. Because it has most soft tissue it is commonly used for flours.
The History of Corn
Some foods consumed by us are present in the daily life of man for thousands of years. One is corn, scientifically known as Zea mays, one of the world’s oldest and most cultivated cereals, with 9,000 years of existence.
Corn is one of the oldest cereals in the world and like most ancient species it has also undergone evolution. It is an evolution of teosinto, a smaller plant with a thinner ear and few grains, both of which belong to the same family, the GRAMINIAS. It was George W. Beadle who discovered that maize and teosintus from the Balsas River Valley in southern Mexico had similar genetics, finding in his research that this would be the wild parent of corn.
The age of this cereal does not diminish its quality, as it is one of the most versatile foods, and can be applied in several segments, besides being considered as one of the most nutritious foods that exist. It contains almost all known amino acids and is a rich source of energy, protein, fiber and good fats.
With so many nutritional benefits and so versatile corn is one of the most beloved foods in the world! And Million Corn Ingredients corn is special! Both Flint and popcorn undergo physical-chemical testing to ensure their classification and thorough production control, from grain planting to industrial processing, as well as final tests that attest to their quality and safety.
Get to know our portfolio of over 30 corn ingredients, produced with the best Flint in various grain sizes.
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